Energy Efficiency Under Attack in Maryland
NRDC, May 16, 2016. Image credit: mamdg
Maryland is facing an unprecedented threat to its clean energy future. EmPOWER Maryland, the statewide compilation of energy efficiency programs, is under unexpected and mystifying attack, despite notable, nationally recognized success in achieving energy-savings goals.
And without the continuation of effective EmPOWER programs, Marylanders will pay more to achieve the state’s bold new carbon pollution reduction target signed into law by Governor Larry Hogan this year—cutting pollution by 40 percent by 2030. Marylanders will also pay more for electricity if the least-cost way to meet the state’s electricity needs—energy efficiency—is limited.
First, the good news: EmPOWER Maryland is working really well. And Maryland’s Public Service Commission has directed its electric utilities to continue operating and expanding energy efficiency programs that help people like you and me to get control over our energy bills, such as those offered by BGE (Baltimore Gas and Electric) in the Baltimore region and Pepco in the D.C. region. These are programs like discounts for efficient lighting and rebates for ENERGY STAR® appliances and heating or cooling equipment. About 2 million Marylanders have taken advantage of one (or more) of these programs since they began in 2008: it’s clear that saving money and saving energy are important to state residents.
Overall, Maryland will end up saving electricity at the clip of 2 percent a year, with complementary goals under consideration for natural gas savings and low-income energy efficiency program increases (provided by the Department of Housing and Community Development, our state housing agency). Programs targeted at low-income Marylanders are especially important because energy costs impose a particularly heavy burden on those with modest household incomes, as noted in the American Council for an Energy- Efficient Economy and Energy Efficiency for All’s recent analysis for Baltimore and other cities. The services delivered to low-income customers are especially important to people like this eastern shore resident.
An astonishing attack
So it’s stunning that the state energy office, the Maryland Energy Administration—which up until a few months ago was a strong supporter of EmPOWER Maryland—recently attacked the program. (This astonishing assault was led by a new agency head, who in another twist just resigned her position.) Specifically, the agency filed a letter urging the Public Service Commission (PSC) to reverse course on energy efficiency by denying utility plans to meet the needs of customers who have already expressed interest in participating in EmPOWER programs.
Among the unsubstantiated claims made in the short letter taking and explaining this new position: “All Marylanders are paying much more for electricity to fund programs designed to help a few use less of it.” My organization requested data backing this and a slew of other claims about EmPOWER but as you can see from the follow-up letter filed by NRDC with the Maryland PSC, we got nothing!
However, the Maryland Energy Administration’s rhetoric is easily refuted. First of all, a lot of Marylanders engage (or want to engage) in energy efficiency, according to actual research: a statewide survey that shows 86 percent have installed more efficient light bulbs, 61 percent installed efficient home appliances, and 53 percent sealed air leaks.